Recover Green – Higher NDC Ambition through Collaborative Climate Action

GIZ and the Partnership for Collaborative Climate Action recently launched a discussion paper arguing that measures already developed for NDCs provide an excellent basis for green recovery packages. What is more, both recovery packages and NDC ambition would become much stronger if subnational levels are to be included in a systematic way.

At the virtual launch event of the paper, speakers from Rwanda and Sweden as well as ICLEI and GIZ offered practical insights on the opportunities that Collaborative Climate Action provides for more ambitious climate action at all levels of government.

Carmen Vogt, Head of the section Cities at GIZ, set the scene by outlining the importance of cities in generating economic value but also their importance in the fight against climate change. She also stressed the necessity of a green recovery from the COVID-pandemic and how cities can contribute to this goal.

Petter Lydén, Lead Author of the discussion paper and Advisor in the GIZ project Climate Policy Meets Urban Development (CPMUD) presented the intersection of multi-level governance, climate action and green recovery. One of the paper’s main recommendations is to engage subnational government in the design of NDCs through strengthened dialogue between national and subnational governments, for example through stakeholder consultations. However, Collaborative Climate Action comprises further factors and principles for effective cooperation, as shown in the illustration below.
Herman Hakuzimana, Director of Climate Change and International Obligations at the Rwanda Environmental Management Authority, shared his insights from the NDC update process in Rwanda. The country was among the first to offer an updated NDC which includes several references to the subnational level. Mr Hakuzimana also pointed out that Rwanda’s delegation to the UNFCCC recently included representatives from the local and regional level.

Mattias Frumerie, Head of the Swedish Delegation to UNFCCC, spoke about the example of Fossil Free Sweden, an initiative bringing together business actors and local governments in a shared vision to make Sweden fossil-free by 2045. He pointed out that the initiative has shown how the cooperation between different (subnational) actors can inform more ambitious climate policy.

ICLEI’s Head of Global Policy and Advocacy, Yunus Arikan, commented on the inputs from Sweden and Rwanda from the perspective of a local government network and highlighted once again the importance of collaboration on climate issues among all levels of government. He also voiced a strong call to make COP26 in Glasgow a “Multilevel Action COP”, supporting the leading role local governments are increasingly taking in acting on the climate crisis.

Click here to access the full version of the paper.
We look forward to continuing this discussion and gladly receive your thoughts and feedback via For further information on the partnership, please visit

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