Mongolia’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) commits to implementing building efficiency measures and to reduce building heat loss at least 20% by 2020 and 40% by 2030. The targets are also included in two crucial national policy documents: Green Development Policy and National Action Program on Climate Change. Active actions have been implemented since 2009, yet a large scale of building retrofitting projects has to be developed to achieve the ambitious goal.
Building heat loss has been a pressing issue in Mongolia. With 46 % of the total population in Mongolia settled in the capital city Ulaanbaatar, 30 % of building stocks there are precast buildings constructed in the 1920s. Soviet-era precast buildings have thin walls, poor insulation, piping configurations and the lack of thermostatic controls. On winter nights when the common temperature falls below -40 Celsius, building heat loss leads to the low quality of life. Households often request the utility companies to provide more heat, and the heat is generated from coal-fired combined heat and power plants. The demand for heat put pressures on the utilities to respond by increasing the load capacity and the consumption of coal.
The project funder agrees on supporting next stage implementation
The local government agrees on participating and supporting the next stage implementation
The local stakeholders, including households and businesses, agree on participating the next stage implementation
Measured, quantitative outcomes / project impact
The Mayor’s Office of Ulaanbaatar, EAS and the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) formed a firm partnership to develop a project proposal. The proposal has been shortlisted for a one-year deep preparation (2020) to set up the institutional framework and gain stakeholders endorsement. The first phase of the deep preparation phase is from Feb-July 2020, and an interim report would be submitted. The donors will make a judgement if the second phase is carried out according to the submitted report.
EAS teams up with GGGI to implement the deep preparation phase, and ICLEI EAS is responsible for developing feasible business models and financial mechanisms. In addition to in-house capacity, EAS also mobilised technical support from the ICLEI TAP program. EAS supports recruiting local consultants to deliver specific tasks such as energy auditing, households engagement and survey, and retrofitting standard gap analysis. In light of that EAS staff are unable to take local missions due to the COVID, EAS relies on local consultants’ expertise and efforts.