For cities, a circular economy offers great benefits, ranging from reduced greenhouse gas emissions, lower waste management costs, to new livelihood opportunities and local value creation. Yet planning for the circular economy at the local level is a complex process, bringing together different sectors and addressing impacts beyond jurisdictions and city departments. As a local government, it can be difficult to know how to apply circular economy principles to different value chains, beyond waste management. The lack of material and waste data available makes it difficult for cities to set a baseline to prioritize action and monitor progress. As a result, developing a strategy or policies around city-wide circular economy solutions often requires consultants or substantial city staff capacity, which outprices a lot of cities.