We are losing nature faster than it can restore itself. And without urgent action, significant harm to people and planet is inevitable: inadequate food and water for our growing global population, significant harm to our economies, and the mass extinction of an estimated one million species. The Roadmap ND4NP addresses the call for engaging local and subnational governments to protect and restore nature for the benefit of people and planet – proposing no more loss of natural spaces or extinctions as well as halving the negative ecological impacts of production and consumption. The project will work with local government to ensure their support for a New Deal. This must be followed by strengthened commitments and delivery mechanisms for the UN Biodiversity Convention alongside a strengthened private-sector commitment to action – and then enormous ongoing work in the coming decade. Brazil is the country with the greatest biodiversity in the world, being one of the countries considered as megadiverse. With its continental dimension and enormous variety of terrestrial and aquatic habitats, Brazil is the country with the largest number of plant species, of which more than half are endemic. Biodiversity supports the functioning of ecosystems and provides services that are essential to human life. Globally, biodiversity is decreasing at unprecedented rates and, in addition to deforestation mainly from agriculture and livestock, the accelerated urbanization process is also one of the main drivers of this reduction The years 2020 and 2021 will be decisive for global biodiversity. The current Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and the respective Aichi Goals conclude their cycle. A new Global Framework for Biodiversity will be adopted during the 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), COP15, which was scheduled to take place in October in China. The post-2020 biodiversity framework aims to guide the implementation of the vision for 2050 “Living in harmony with nature” and the relevant milestones for 2030.