The Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi) is a “joint initiative by CDP, the UN Global Compact (UNGC), the World Resources Institute (WRI) and WWF intended to increase city and corporate ambition on climate action by mobilising companies to set greenhouse gas emission reduction targets consistent with the level of decarbonisation required by science to limit warming to less than 1.5ºC / 2°C compared to preindustrial temperatures”. The initiative, launched in 2015, “defines and promotes best practice in science-based target setting, offers resources and guidance to reduce barriers to adoption, and independently assesses and approves cities and companies’ targets”. SBT is developing sector-specific methods and is currently working on developing a framework and guidance, concentrating notably on scope 1 and 2 for both cities and corporations and including S3 for the financial and services sector.
Measured, quantitative outcomes / project impact
ICLEI is part of the cities group in charge of mapping out all related methodologies to - 1.5° C pathway; this includes the revision of Kaya Methodology for Carbon Stock allocation as well as other city related methodologies related to GHG emissions reduction SBT. A final report has been compiled which includes other organizations as part of the group such as C40,WRI, CDP, GCoM & WWF.
ICLEI staff reviewed one of the assigned methodologies and provided comments in regards of the following principles:
- The methodology should be up to date relative to latest science
- The methodology should be equitable
- The methodology should address all GHG´s and GHG´s sources (Completeness)
- The methodology should be user friendly
The outcome will be a recommendation to unify all crosscutting criteria into a holistic global set of recommendations which would be applicable to all sizes and types of cities. This also includes a landscape of methods and tools from specific hubs (Land; Ocean; Water; Biodiversity) related to cities.