ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability is a global network working with more than 2,500 local and regional governments committed to sustainable urban development.


ICLEI World Secretariat
Kaiser-Friedrich-Str. 7
53113 Bonn

ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability is a global network working with more than 2,500 local and regional governments committed to sustainable urban development.

ICLEI Regional Secretariats and country offices

Urban Planning and Development Control Strengthening Programme

What we are doing

Tanzania’s urban transition is at a critical point. The average annual growth rate between 2002 and 2012 was 5.2% for urban areas, which means that if current trends continue, the urban population will double roughly every 14 years. Planning and land administration systems have been unable to keep up with the high service demand caused by rapid growth. There is general recognition that rapid urbanization has the potential to stretch the capacity of urban Local Government Authorities (LGAs) in terms of resources, ability to provide planned land, infrastructure and sufficient services so as to cope with the growing needs of urban population. Rapid urbanization has lead to chaotic, sprawling urban growth and land use patterns and resulting in increased costs for infrastructure and challenges of access to basic facilities. Recognising the link between the rapid urbanization and the increased movement of people from the rural areas to urban centre can help LGAs to better plan for urban development and resourcing of development programs as well as to strengthen urban development systems to better cope with the impact of the rapid growth. Thus, there is a need to develop an appropriate skillset and toolkit among planners and other LGA staff that will provide them alternatives to conventional urban planning practice. Training is needed in order to support planners in taking on roles as coordinators, enablers of private investment, marketers, regulators and enforcers. There is also a need for a shift in everyday practice away from development of economic and urban plans in isolation, and toward a more integrated approach. This requires engagement with all levels of government and other actors.

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What we are achieving

ICLEI Africa has been engaged in an Urban Planning and Development Control Strengthening Assignment. The objectives of this assignment are to: • Equip urban Local Governments with the skills, knowledge and protocols needed for effective development, implementation, and enforcement of urban plans; • Equip staff in government ministries, zonal offices, and regional administrative secretariats to guide the development of quality urban plans; • Support Local Government implementation and enforcement of urban plans and urban development laws/regulations and • Inform the public of rules and regulations governing urban development and increase voluntary compliance with urban development plans, laws and regulations. This assignment will generate dialogue as well as actions that can be taken forward to improve the legal and regulatory framework governing urban planning and development control in Tanzania. In addition, the project will improve general understanding and willingness to comply with development conditions which are necessary for well-functioning cities.

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Related ICLEI Pathways
  • Circular development
  • Equitable and people-centered development
  • Resilient development
Related SDGs
Focus Areas

Akanya Development Solutions, Ardhi University, Susan Farrell Projects,

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