According to the BASIC approach determined by the GPC - Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emission Inventories, the sectors of energy, transport and waste are the ones analyzed in the GHG Emission Inventories conducted in most Brazilian cities, where urbanized areas are predominant. As a result of these inventories, a general observed trend across the country is that Brazilian cities GHG emissions are concentrated in the transport sector, followed by the stationary energy and finally waste sector. This pattern is observed, as an example, in the inventory of the municipality of Recife, published in 2015, in which it shows that 55% of the emissions are transport related, 25% are from the energy scope and 20% are waste related. This trend is a result of the energy matrix of Brazil. Because it is strongly based on renewable sources, the main contributions of greenhouse gas emissions come from the transport sector and not the energy sector, as it is the case in other countries. In this sense, the EIE proposal to analyze the Transport and Building sectors is in alignment with the needs of Brazilian cities when planning mitigation measures. The Environmental Insights Explorer Action Fund will strengthen the participation of civil society in implementing and mainstreaming climate change action in local contexts, while also encouraging the stronger engagement of relevant non-government actors in climate planning in cooperation with local governments.