Due to growing urbanization, economy and motorization, the GHG emissions from the transport sector in the Philippines is projected to double by 2030. Transportation is also responsible for 80% of air pollution emissions, costing 1.9% of GDP loss, and 27,000 premature deaths (Greenpeace 2020). The Philippines is committed to cut its emissions by 70% by 2030 (INDC) with transportation as a priority sector and calls to adopt “socially equitable and integrated land-use and transport planning processes”. Active mobility has the potential to reduce 3.46 Mt of emissions in Highly Urbanized Cities (GIZ, 2020), and it contributes to public health and is vital to equitable and green socio-economic recovery. In response to COVID-19, cities in the Philippines are paying more attention to active mobility; however cities need to overcome challenges such as limited data, lack of political support, limited capacity for local policy and planning to move towards climate-friendly mobility systems.
To increase the role of active mobility in building resilient and safe transport systems, contribute to national emission reduction targets, and promote climate-friendly mobility behavior, two cities in the Philippines will demonstrate the potential of reducing GHG emissions through improved capacities, strategies and policies for active mobility through tactical urbanism and open data.
AM (Action Mitigation): The target value of GHG emissions reduction will be defined and reported in interim reports after the development of the action agendas and the selection of the tactical urbanism interventions
AM (Action Mitigation): 5,000 people in each community will directly benefit from the implementation of the pilot project, assuming the site of the project is in highly concentrated areas with high walking and biking traffic potential. This will be further defined and reported in interim reports after the selection of community for the model interventions.
CP (Capacity Policies): 2 Local Ordinances/Executive Orders and 2 policy documents promoting active mobility
CI (Capacity Institutions): 2 improved institutionalized structures
CM (Capacity Methods): 1 walkability and cyclability assessment methodology is developed
MF2 (Mobilised Public Climate Finance): The target value of domestic public finance catalyzed will be defined and reported in interim reports after the selection and analysis of project cities.
Measured, quantitative outcomes / project impact
Walking and cycling are often overlooked in city planning, despite its growing importance as the most affordable, resilient, and clean form of transport. The project aims to promote active mobility strategies, policies and practices contributing to avoiding GHG emissions, improving safe connectivity in cities, and promoting climate-friendly mobility behavior.
The project highlights active mobility as a priority area for cities and countries for a green recovery through model interventions re-engineering streets and open spaces, raising awareness, developing active mobility policies and recommendations, and inspiring other cities.
The project strengthens the city and community-based organization capacity through “tactical urbanism,” multi-stakeholder engagement, encouraging vertical integration and national policy recommendations, developing guidelines and toolkits for easy replication and scale-up.
The EcoMobility SHIFT+, a methodology to (self)-assess cities’ mobility performance, identify strengths and weaknesses, act to improve and establish a path of continuous improvement will be adapted and used in the cities in the Philippines.